Brooker (2004) outlined that four key components are integral to a person-centered care approach for people with dementia.
These components are:
(a) valuing and respecting persons with dementia and those who care for them;
(b) treating people with dementia as individuals with unique needs;
(c) seeing the world from the perspective of the person with dementia, so as to understand the person’s behavior and what is being communicated, and validating the subjective experience that is being perceived as the reality of the individual; and
(d) creating a positive social environment in which the person with dementia can experience relative well-being through care that promotes the building of relationships (Fazio et al., 2018).