The total number of people estimated to be living with diabetes in Ireland is over 225,000 (Diabetes Ireland). Diabetes and pre diabetic states have consistently been shown to be risk factors for cognitive decline, mild cognitive impairment and dementia (Springer and Beeri, 2011).
Type 2 diabetes being a clear risk factor for developing dementia, it’s still unclear if any medication intervention would improve the risk of developing dementia and the risk of future dementia is also not reduced by intensive diabetic control (Livingston et al., 2020). According to Healthy Ireland there are over 850,000 people over 40 years old who are at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes (Diabetes Ireland).
Lifestyle intervention can help to prevent Type 2 diabetes- take part in physical activity, eat a healthy balanced diet and have a healthy weight.