Professor Tom Kitwood was a trailblazer in the field of dementia, he placed the person with dementia at the centre and rejected the standard medical approach to dementia (Fazio, 2018). He wrote ‘Dementia Reconsidered: the person first in 1997, this book brought together all his work over the previous decade and some regard it as the ‘bible’ of good person centred dementia care.
Kitwoods philosophy was based on looking at what the needs of the person with dementia are and determining that love was the centre of care followed by five other psychological needs- comfort, attachment, inclusion, occupation and identity (Fazio,2018). He called this his ‘flower of needs’ which is pictured here.
Think about Kitwoods six psychological needs- do you meet your residents psychological needs?