Cognitive tests are assessments of the cognitive capabilities of humans and other animals. Tests administered to humans include various forms of IQ tests; those administered to animals include the mirror test (a test of visual self-awareness) and the T maze test (which tests learningability). Such study is important to research concerning the philosophy of mind and psychology, as well as determination of human and animalintelligence.
Modern cognitive tests originated through the work of James McKeen Cattell who coined the term “mental tests”. They followed Francis Galton‘s development of physical and physiological tests. For example, Galton measured strength of grip and height and weight. He established an “Anthropometric Laboratory” in the 1880s where patrons paid to have physical and physiological attributes measured. Galton’s measurements had an enormous influence on psychology. Cattell continued the measurement approach with simple measurements of perception. Cattell’s tests were eventually abandoned in favor of the battery test approach developed by Alfred Binet.